Labour Code (Law 7/2009 of 12 February)
Native name
Código do Trabalho (Lei 7/2009 de 12 de fevereiro)
Definition of collective dismissal
Added to database
08 May 2015




Collective dismissal occurs as a result of termination of the employment contract by the employer operated simultaneously or successively within a three-month period of either:

  • At least two employees, if the company has fewer than 50 employees;
  • At least five employees, it the company has 50 or more employees.

The grounds for collective dismissal which must be demonstrated by the employer are the following: * market reasons - the reduction of business activity * structural reasons - economic or  financial unbalance, activity change, restructuring of productive organisation or replacement of dominant products * technological reasons


No information available.

Additional metadata

Cost covered by
Not available
Involved actors other than national government
National government
Involvement (others)
Affected employees: 2
Company size: 2
Additional information: No, applicable in all circumstances


  • Labour Code (Law 7/2009, of 12 February) - updated version
  • Sargant, M., 2007, Implementation Report Directive 80/987 EEC amended by Directive 2002/74/EC [protection of employees in the event of the insolvency of their employer], Human European Consultancy/Middlesex University Business School


Eurofound (2015), Portugal: Definition of collective dismissal, Restructuring legislation database, Dublin,

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