Internal restructuring
European Union
Location of affected unit(s)
France, Germany
Manufacture For Transport Equipment
Manufacture Of Other Transport Equipment
30.30 - Manufacture of air and spacecraft and related machinery

2,300 jobs
Number of planned job losses
Job loss
Announcement Date
12 November 2018
Employment effect (start)
1 January 2019
Foreseen end date
1 January 2023


The rocket launcher ArianeGroup has announced 2,300 full-time position cuts by 2023, out of a total workforce of 9,000 employees. The company motivates its decision with the 'end of the development of Ariane 6 and the need to increase competitiveness in the European rocket launch business'. According to the management, job cuts will be implemented without any forced dismissal.

ArianeGroup faces a sharp competition with U.S. entrepreneur Elon Musk’s SpaceX and other low-cost rocket launch firms.  Even if Arianespace has been able to maintain its leading position in the market for launching civil satellites, the company has only signed three contracts since the beginning of the year. In addition to the slowdown in the satellite market, there is also the apparent reluctance of EU Member States to implement their commitments in favour of the future Ariane 6 launcher, which will take over from Ariane 5 from 2020. With two years to go before the first firing, Ariane 6's order book still has only 10 satellites, enough to carry out five firing operations, including three institutional orders. However, 'to achieve the objective of a stable rate of 11 Ariane firings per year, we need a base of 5 institutional firings per year,' Arianespace President recently recalled.



Eurofound (2018), ArianeGroup, Internal restructuring in European Union, factsheet number 96129, European Restructuring Monitor. Dublin, https://restructuringeventsprod.azurewebsites.net/restructuring-events/detail/96129.